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The Industrial Revolution Part 1

The Industrial Revolution began around 1780 and continued until the mid-1800’s. Great Britain was the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution but it eventually moved around the globe, transforming the manufacturing process, politics, and home life for countless people both as consumers and as laborers.

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Early self propelled steam engine


Before the dawn of machine-driven manufacturing, most people had very little and it took a tremendous amount of work – generally by very slow hand methods – to create a final product.

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19th century factory, depicted much cleaner than they were


With the invention of the steam engine, the spinning machine, and other streamlining and faster machines, the modern factory was born and the Industrial Revolution took off worldwide.

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Mid 19th century mining town

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19th century Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

There was a massive exodus of laborers from the countryside and farmland into the cities to work in the factories, following promises of wealth and class mobility. While these claims were true for many, the working and living conditions of factories were often unsafe, unsanitary, and generally unsuitable for a healthy – much less thriving – family life.


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There were no child labor laws. Young oyster shuckers at work.

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